Fibre keeps the lining of the digestive tract healthy. Fibre is found in cereals, fruits and vegetables, legumes(dried beans, peas and lentils,),nuts and seeds and whole grain breads. During times of flare ups one might want to avoid or minimize their intake of legumes, nuts, seeds and whole grain breads. Minimizing the intake of during times of flare up might help minimize the gas and bloating people with IBD experience.
There are two kinds of fibre Water-soluble and Insoluble Fibre.
Water-soluble Fibre: helps lower blood cholesterol and maitains healthy blood sugar. Some types of water-soluble fibre control diarrhea by giving more formation to stool. Water-soluble fibre is derived from fruit such as apples, grapefruit,oranges, and plums; vegetables and legumes such as carrots,lentils, potatoes, soybeans, split peas, and from grains sucha as barley,oat bran,oatmeal and psyllium seed.
Insoluble fibre, or roughage, stimulates bowel movements and makes a bigger bulkier stool. Insoluble fibre comes from cereals including bran cereals,unprocessed bran,whole-grain bread or whole-grain cereal;brown rice, baked poatoes(including the skin)and fruits such as apples(with skin), blueberries , raisins, raspberries and strawberries. A diet low in fibre maybe the cause of further complications such as diverticulosis.